Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) is a driver licensing system designed to teach teens to drive by gradually increasing their driving privileges as they advance through the system. GDL consists of two segments of driver education instruction and three licensing levels.
The three licensing levels in GDL are: a supervised learner's license (Level 1 License), an intermediate license that limits passengers and unsupervised nighttime driving (Level 2 License), and a full-privilege driver's license (Level 3 License) issued after a teen driver has successfully completed all previous instruction and driving requirements.
GDL license levels 1 and 2 have certain restrictions to limit teens' driving exposure to high-risk situations and help protect them while they are learning to drive.
The GDL Timeline shows how graduated driver licensing and driver education are intertwined. The Michigan's Graduated Driver Licensing: A Guide for Parents contains valuable information on graduated driver licensing, driver education, coaching tips for parents and more. Parents and teens are encouraged to read this publication.
A teen driver's first year behind the wheel is critical. That's why Michigan - and other states across the country - have adopted Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) laws for teen drivers.
Michigan's laws are designed to help teens gradually - and safely - build their skills and experience behind the wheel.
Crashes are the leading cause of death for teens across the United States.
Teens face the greatest risk of crashing during their first year of driving.
One out of every five licensed 16-year-olds will be in a vehicle crash.
Teens are less likely than adults to understand the risks of driving because they lack experience.
Also, their brains are still developing well into their 20s, affecting their judgment while driving.